Parental leave uptake among migrant and native mothers in Belgium
Prise de congé parental chez les mères immigrées et autochtones en Belgique

Tine Kil, Jonas Wood, Karel Neels
Kill_niussp_ART

Family policies such as parental leave schemes increasingly support the work-family balance. Although labour force participation has increased in recent decades among mothers in majority populations, maternal employment levels and uptake of family policies remain low in migrant populations across Europe, and the two are related: precarious employment trajectories may limit access to parental leave
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Half the world’s population reaching below replacement fertility
La moitié de la population mondiale atteint un niveau de fécondité sous le seuil de remplacement

Tomas Frejka
replacement fertility, married couple with one children

According to the most recent UN estimates (United Nations 2017), almost one half of the world’s population lives in countries with below replacement fertility (BRF), i.e. with a total fertility rate (TFR) below 2.1 births per woman.
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Smoking inequalities in France and the United States
Inégalités sociales de tabagisme en France et aux Etats-Unis

Fred Pampel, Damien Bricard, Myriam Khlat, Stéphane Legleye
Smoking

While public health officials worry about the distressingly high levels of tobacco use across the world, they increasingly recognize that smoking also worsens inequalities in health and life expectancy.
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Women’s schooling, child mortality, and fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa
Scolarisation des femmes, mortalité des enfants et fécondité en Afrique subsaharienne

David Shapiro, Michel Tenikue
Shapiro_ART

Over time, women’s educational attainment in sub-Saharan Africa has been increasing (Barro and Lee, 2013), while infant and child mortality have been decreasing (United Nations, 2015). Both changes have contributed to the ongoing sub-Saharan fertility decline
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The world in which the next 4 billion people will live
Le monde qui accueillera les 4 milliards de personnes à venir

Richard Grossman
4 billion people

I was pleased to read Professor David Lam’s N-IUSSP essay “The world’s next 4 billion people will differ from the previous 4 billion” (Lam 2017). He outlines past, present and projected future population growth. He points out that much of the population growth will occur in Africa, and that a higher proportion will be older,
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Poverty is falling faster for female-headed households in Africa
En Afrique, la pauvreté diminue plus rapidement pour les ménages dirigés par une femme

Dominique van de Walle, Annamaria Milazzo
woman households in Africa

Living standards have risen generally, and poverty rates have fallen across Sub-Saharan Africa since the late 1990s (Chen and Ravallion, 2013). Less is known about how different groups have fared.
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Unstable union history linked to higher childhood mortality risk
Instabilité conjugale des mères et mortalité des enfants dans le Sud

Laurie F. DeRose
childhood mortality risk : woman with newborn

The marriage-go-round can be a costly ride for children in post-industrial countries as family instability is associated with elevated risk of negative outcomes like teen pregnancy, depression, aggression, asthma, and obesity.
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The Icelandic Saga. Fertility in the midst of delayed family formation
Islande : une fécondité élevée malgré le recul de l’âge à la maternité

Ari Klængur Jónsson
Iceland city reikiavik

In European demography, Iceland has been an outlier until recently, with a fertility rate well above that of most countries on the continent. Between 1982 and 2014, the Icelandic total period fertility rate (TFR) ranged between 1.9 and 2.3 children per woman (Figure 1).
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