Increasing (but insufficient?) optimism about future life expectancy
Les futurs progrès de l’espérance de vie sont-ils encore sous-estimés ?

Nico Keilman

Official demographic forecasts have always been too timid about future increases in life expectancy, and according to Nico Keilman, continue to be so even today. There are reasons for this downward bias but also grounds for concern, especially when governments rely on these incorrect predictions in the design of health or pension systems. Norway and
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Holding Spanish students back a year: just how effective is it?
Le redoublement scolaire en Espagne : est-ce vraiment efficace ?

Álvaro Choi, María Gil, Mauro Mediavilla, Javier Valbuena
Spanish students back a year

Repeating a school year is an ineffective pedagogical practice: it fails to improve the academic performance of those who are held back, and in some cases it may even make things worse.
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Do adults in urban sub-Saharan Africa experience lower mortality?
En Afrique subsaharienne, la mortalité des adultes est-elle plus faible en milieu urbain ?

Ashira Menashe-Oren, Guy Stecklov
urban sub-Saharan Africa experience lower mortality?

Today, urban health conditions are often assumed to be universally superior to those of the rural sector. However, as Ashira Menashe-Oren and Guy Stecklov show, while child mortality is higher in the rural sector,
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Stability of U.S. couples with children in a comparative perspective
La stabilité des couples avec enfants aux Etats Unis et en Europe

Katherine Michelmore, Kelly Musick
U.S. couples with children

Cohabitation, nonmarital childbearing, and partnership dissolution are now common in the U.S. Katherine Michelmore and Kelly Musick examine patterns of union instability among couples who have had a child together,
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Ageing without children in Thailand: bad for mental health?
Vieillir sans enfants en Thaïlande: un risque pour le bien-être psychologique ?

Nekehia T. Quashie, Wiraporn Pothisiri

Declining fertility and increasing migration are contributing to growing shares of older Thais who will age with few children, or none at all, or whose children live far away.
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Marriage markets and assortative mating in first marriages and remarriages in the USA
Les marchés du mariage et l’homogamie sociale dans les premiers mariages et les remariages aux Etats Unis

Zhenchao Qian, Daniel T. Lichter
Marriage market

Using data from the American Community Survey 2008-2014, Zhenchao Qian and Daniel T. Lichter show how assortative mating patterns are subject to local marriage market conditions.
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Adolescent contraceptive use and its effects on fertility
La pratique contraceptive des adolescents et ses effets sur la fécondité

David A. Sánchez-Páez, José A. Ortega
Adolescent contraceptive use

Adolescent reproductive health is part of internationally agreed development goals but unmarried adolescents are often left out of the picture despite higher contraceptive demand and prevalence in this group.
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Fertility decisions in Poland: looking beyond national boundaries
Choix de fécondité en Pologne : prendre en compte la situation par-delà les frontières

Joanna Marczak, Wendy Sigle, Ernestina Coast
Fertility decisions in Poland

Researchers have often assumed that only circumstances within national borders influence fertility decisions. In an integrated Europe, however, people may know about and compare conditions across countries.
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