Women, demography and politics
Femmes, démographie et politique

Udi Sommer
Women demography

Demographic variables, female-related predictors in particular, have an independent effect on political structure. Comparing different countries over time, when fertility rates decline, we observe a growth in democracy. Due to changes in family structure and in women’s economic and political status
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Older workers in Latin America: better health but shorter working lives
Les travailleurs âgés en Amérique latine: en meilleure santé mais moins souvent actifs

Laeticia R. De Souza, Bernardo L. Queiroz, Vegard Skirbekk

Trends in labour force participation and health status of older adults in Latin America reveal a puzzling pattern: the greatly improved health (and labour) conditions of recent years have translated into markedly lower labour force participation.
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New data on life expectancy and standard of living in France
Première étude sur l’espérance de vie par niveau de vie en France

Nathalie Blanpain
life expectancy

Surprising as it may seem, even in developed countries, systematic and large differences in survival exist between rich and poor populations. In France, for instance, Nathalie Blanpain tells us that life expectancy at birth for men in the most affluent 5% of the population is 84.4 years
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Facilitating family enlargement in Europe through dual parental employment
Faciliter les deuxièmes naissances en Europe en favorisant l’emploi des deux parents

Angela Greulich, Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière, Olivier Thévenon
family enlargement in Europe

Using European panel data from 2003 to 2011 (EU-SILC), Angela Greulich, Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière and Olivier Thévenon show that dual-earner couples are more likely to have a second child than couples with only one earner.
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Child loss in Finland: does it induce divorce or additional fertility?
Après la perte d’un enfant en Finlande: divorce ou naissance supplémentaire ?

Jan Saarela
Child loss in Finland

Together with Fjalar Finnäs and Mikael Rostila, Jan Saarela shows that in Finland the death of a minor child has only a modest influence on the parental divorce risk, whereas it strongly affects the couple’s probability of having another child.
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Increasing longevity may counterbalance the negative effects of reproductive aging
La longévité croissante pourrait compenser les effets négatifs du vieillissement reproductif

Kieron Barclay
reproductive aging

Previous research has indicated that being born to older parents is detrimental for offspring longevity. However, the secular trend of increasing longevity may moderate or even reverse any potential negative effects of being born
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Advanced maternal age and low birth weight
Maternité tardive et faible poids à la naissance

Alice Goisis
woman in Advanced maternal age

The negative association between advanced maternal age and low birth weight has become progressively weaker over time in the UK (between 1958-2001). This pattern, as Alice Goisis explains, is partly linked to secular changes in the characteristics of older mothers.
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Sexual and reproductive health in Argentina: a right for everyone?
La santé sexuelle et reproductive en Argentine: un droit pour tous?

Eleonora Rojas Cabrera
reproductive health

Mortality from sexually transmitted diseases has been declining too slowly and unevenly in Argentina, compromising the right to sexual and reproductive health with equal opportunities.
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