Álvaro Choi

Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of Barcelona (UB) & Researcher at Barcelona Institute of Economics (IEB), Spain.

Holding Spanish students back a year: just how effective is it?
Le redoublement scolaire en Espagne : est-ce vraiment efficace ?

Álvaro Choi, María Gil, Mauro Mediavilla, Javier Valbuena
Spanish students back a year

Repeating a school year is an ineffective pedagogical practice: it fails to improve the academic performance of those who are held back, and in some cases it may even make things worse.
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