Tag Archives: Africa

Poverty is falling faster for female-headed households in Africa
En Afrique, la pauvreté diminue plus rapidement pour les ménages dirigés par une femme

Dominique van de Walle, Annamaria Milazzo
woman households in Africa

Living standards have risen generally, and poverty rates have fallen across Sub-Saharan Africa since the late 1990s (Chen and Ravallion, 2013). Less is known about how different groups have fared.
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Persistent high fertility in rural Africa
Persistance d’une fécondité élevée en milieu rural africain

Michel Garenne
fertility in rural Africa: group of boys

The fertility transition, defined as a change from high and natural fertility (in a range of five to nine children per woman) to low and controlled fertility (down to two children per woman or less) started in France in the 18th century, and spread during the 19th century to other European populations, including expatriate populations
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Family planning in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya
Planning familial dans les bidonvilles de Nairobi, Kenya

Donatien Beguy, Alex C. Ezeh, Blessing U. Mberu, Jacques B.O. Emina
children in Nairobi

In Kenya, rapid population growth has occurred amidst poor urban governance and limited employment opportunities, leading to widespread urban poverty that is concentrated in informal settlements or slums.
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Recent trends in premarital fertility in sub-Saharan Africa
Évolution récente de la fécondité prénuptiale en Afrique sub-saharienne

Shelley Clark, Alissa Koski, Emily Smith-Greenaway
children: premarital fertility

Age at first marriage has been rising throughout sub-Saharan Africa for more than twenty-five years. The median age at first marriage has increased by an average of 1-2 years across the region but substantial variation in age at first marriage remains (Garenne 2004).
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Recent fertility changes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Évolution récente de la fécondité en République démocratique du Congo

David Shapiro, Basile O. Tambashe
Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the third most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa, and one of the countries with the highest fertility in the world, at 6.6 children per woman in the country’s most recent Demographic and Health Survey (MPSMRM et al 2014). It is also one of the very few countries
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Vital registration in Africa: when will it be complete?
À quand un état civil exhaustif en Afrique?

Michel Garenne, Pierre Cantrelle
VItalregistration2

Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CR/VS) is an essential administrative system in modern societies. The registration of births and deaths defines a number of basic rights and duties, and is compulsory for the rule of law, legal identity, social security systems and many other aspects of social life. The publication and analysis of vital statistics
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Demographic dividend in Africa: macro- and micro-economic effects
Dividende démographique en Afrique: effets économiques macro et micro

Michel Garenne
garenne

A fashionable but controversial concept The ‘demographic dividend’ has become a fashionable concept over the past 20 years, and was the focus of the recent UAPS conference held in South Africa in December 2015.
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Demography vs ethnography (or Understanding AIDS in Malawi)
Démographie ou ethnographie (pour comprendre le sida au Malawi)

Susan Cotts Watkins
watkins_niussp

Daniel Scott Smith, a historical demographer, said it well: demography has all the ingredients of the best novels, sex and death, but they hide the pleasure of the former under the term “fertility curves” and the terror of the latter under the term “life tables.” Ethnography lets us look under the blanket. Demographers have been
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Demographic data are inadequate for many older Africans
Des données démographiques insuffisantes sur les Africains les plus âgés

Ernestina Coast, Sara Randall
niussp_coast

Why do we need better data on older people? To accurately understand population change – its scale, speed, determinants and variants – we need accurate data on the age of a population’s members.
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The risk of misrepresenting the demographic dividend
Le risque d’une interprétation erronée du dividende démographique

Jane O’Sullivan, Roger Martin
O'sullivan2

It is heartening to see the renewal of interest in demography by at least some African governments. A share of the credit for this can be attributed to the discourse around ‘demographic dividend’. For a couple of decades, development economists have conveyed no clear message connecting population dynamics with economic advance. Yet the evidence was
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African migration: is the continent really on the move?*
La migration africaine: s’agit-il vraiment d’un « continent en mouvement » ?*

Marie-Laurence Flahaux, Hein de Haas
africanmigration2

General trends and directions of African migration African migration is often perceived as massive and increasing, mainly directed toward Europe, and driven by poverty and violence (Lessault and Beauchemin 2009).
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Counting who is dying in Sub-Saharan Africa and what they are dying from: an imperative for the post-2015 agenda
Le dénombrement des décès en Afrique sub-saharienne et l’identification de leur cause : un impératif pour l’agenda post-2015

Bruno Masquelier, Gloria Mathenge
masqueler_subsahariano2

Introduction The need for timely and reliable mortality estimates is acute in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
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The Merry-go-round of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals
Le manège autour des Objectifs de développement durable des Nations Unies

Alaka Basu
young woman of a country in developement

Advocacy is a funny thing. If you feel strongly enough about a cause, as everyone in international development does these days, it is no longer enough to campaign for something simply for its own sake.
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The United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development
L’agenda des Nations Unies pour le développement durable

Massimo livi Bacci
global coals U N

The United Nations Sustainable Development Summit was held in New York on 25-27 September 2015. The 193-member UN General Assembly formally adopted the ambitious agenda “Transforming Our World: 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”
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Surprenante fécondité maghrébine
The puzzle of fertility in the Maghreb

Zahia Ouadah-Bedidi, Jacques Vallin
children plaing in magreb

Au début des années 1970, la fécondité restait très élevée en Tunisie et au Maroc (6,5 enfants par femme) malgré les programmes de planning familial mis en œuvre au milieu des années 1960 et culminait même à plus de 8 en Algérie en raison du baby-boom qui a suivi la guerre de libération. Personne n’imaginait
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Les politiques démographiques sont-elles efficaces ?
On the dubious effectiveness of population policies

Jacques Vallin
an old couple

Examinons quatre types d’objectifs pouvant légitimer des politiques de population dans un contexte donné : réduire la mortalité (Vallin et Meslé, 2006), limiter la fécondité si la croissance démographique est trop rapide
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