Tag Archives: Health

Family planning in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya
Planning familial dans les bidonvilles de Nairobi, Kenya

Donatien Beguy, Alex C. Ezeh, Blessing U. Mberu, Jacques B.O. Emina
children in Nairobi

In Kenya, rapid population growth has occurred amidst poor urban governance and limited employment opportunities, leading to widespread urban poverty that is concentrated in informal settlements or slums.
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Population density interacts with sanitation to predict child health
Densité de population, équipements sanitaires et santé des enfants

Diane Coffey, Payal Hathi
Population density: child in India

Studies on child health in developing countries often find that children are healthier in urban areas than in rural areas. There are many reasons for this disparity. People in urban areas tend to be richer and better educated. Further, more densely populated places are more likely to have easier access to health services that matter
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How comparable are self-reported health data on the older population in Europe?
L’état de santé perçu des personnes âgées en Europe. Les données sont-elles comparables ?

Katherine Keenan, Else Foverskov, Emily Grundy
Niussp_oggi3

Europe has large projected increases in the proportion of older people in the population (United Nations 2013). Therefore, high quality, representative longitudinal data on the older European population are essential to develop our understanding of age-related changes in socio-demographic circumstances, health, resources and activity patterns. The SHARE and GGS surveys Two notable sources of large
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Demography vs ethnography (or Understanding AIDS in Malawi)
Démographie ou ethnographie (pour comprendre le sida au Malawi)

Susan Cotts Watkins
watkins_niussp

Daniel Scott Smith, a historical demographer, said it well: demography has all the ingredients of the best novels, sex and death, but they hide the pleasure of the former under the term “fertility curves” and the terror of the latter under the term “life tables.” Ethnography lets us look under the blanket. Demographers have been
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Infectious diseases in ageing populations: a neglected cause of mortality?
Les maladies infectieuses dans les populations vieillissantes: une cause de décès sous-estimée ?

Aline Désesquelles, Elena Demuru, Marilena Pappagallo, Luisa Frova, France Meslé, Viviana Egidi
diseases

In countries with high life expectancies, death is predominantly the consequence of cancers and diseases of the circulatory system.
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Counting who is dying in Sub-Saharan Africa and what they are dying from: an imperative for the post-2015 agenda
Le dénombrement des décès en Afrique sub-saharienne et l’identification de leur cause : un impératif pour l’agenda post-2015

Bruno Masquelier, Gloria Mathenge
masqueler_subsahariano2

Introduction The need for timely and reliable mortality estimates is acute in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
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Progression de l’espérance de vie: un champ encore grand ouvert mais non sans limite
The evolution of life expectancy: limits not reached, yet

France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
old perople sitting on a bench

Si Jeanne Calment a vécu un peu plus de 122 ans et que rien n’indique clairement que ce record mondial soit une limite infranchissable, il est fort probable qu’une telle longévité ne puisse jamais être atteinte que par une infime fraction de l’humanité
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La limite de la vie humaine
How long can we live?

Jacques Vallin
Jeanne Calment décédée a 122 ans

La doyenne de l’humanité, la française Jeanne Calment est décédée en 1997 à 122 ans et 5 mois. Bien que dûment vérifié et homologué par le groupe international de recherche sur les « super-centenaires » le cas continue d’étonner tant il reste exceptionnel, unique même. Mais, depuis, l’américaine Sarah Knauss a atteint 119 ans tandis que la
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Obesity and development – maybe a fit?
La relation entre obésité et développement

Vegard Skirbekk
obese family running

Wikipedia informs us that “obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems.” People in these conditions have a body mass index (BMI) that exceeds 30 kg/m2, where the BMI is
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The population of Sri Lanka in transition: policy stance
La transition démographique au Sri Lanka, et les enjeux politiques

K.A.P. Siddhisena
Sri Lanka people

The present world population of 7.3 billion is projected to increase to 8.5 billion or more by 2030, with almost 90 percent of the increase occurring in the developing countries, which are already struggling to improve overwhelming issues such as severe poverty. In the context of the developing world, Sri Lanka has a favourable population
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Innovations in register data: the value of linkages to prescription databases illustrated by an analysis of underuse of medication among the unmarried
L’importance du couplage des données de registres avec les bases de données sur les prescriptions médicales : l’exemple de la sous-utilisation des médicaments parmi les non mariées

Øystein Kravdal, Emily Grundy
databases image

Data from registers that cover entire national populations have been extensively used
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