Tag Archives: Old age

How long do older Americans work?
Quelle est l’espérance de vie active des américains ?

Christian Dudel, Mikko Myrskylä
working life of american

Christian Dudel and Mikko Myrskylä study how the length of working life has developed in the U.S. since the early 1990s. While overall life expectancy has increased, there has been no expansion of working life. Recessions and financial crises have a negative impact on working life expectancy, with considerable heterogeneity by gender and race. Life
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Summertime, and the livin’ is easy … and longer
Vivre au soleil toute l’année : le secret d’une vie plus longue ?

Tina Ho, Andrew Noymer
Death rates in usa - old people running in the summer

“Summertime, and the livin’ is easy” — so begins one of the most famous American songs, Summertime from the Gershwin brothers’ Porgy and Bess. Is the living really easier in the summer? For demographers, this might be answered by looking not at living, but at dying. Specifically, are death rates lower in the summer than
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Retirement timing and grandparenthood in Sweden
Grand-parentalité et départ à la retraite en Suède

Linda Kridahl
grandparenthood in Sweden

In most Western European countries, retiring and entering grandparenthood are relatively parallel events for most individuals, with grandparenthood often occurring a few years before retirement (Leopold and Lechner, 2015).
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How comparable are self-reported health data on the older population in Europe?
L’état de santé perçu des personnes âgées en Europe. Les données sont-elles comparables ?

Katherine Keenan, Else Foverskov, Emily Grundy

Europe has large projected increases in the proportion of older people in the population (United Nations 2013). Therefore, high quality, representative longitudinal data on the older European population are essential to develop our understanding of age-related changes in socio-demographic circumstances, health, resources and activity patterns. The SHARE and GGS surveys Two notable sources of large
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Health effects of working beyond State Pension Age in England
Travailler après l’âge légal de la retraite: effets sur la santé en Angleterre

Giorgio Di Gessa, Laurie M Corna, Loretta Platts, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonough, Amanda Sacker, Debora Price, Karen Glaser

Paid work in adulthood is generally considered beneficial for physical and psychological health and well-being (Woodell and Burton 2006) but its effects at older ages are unclear.
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International differences in life expectancy gains (and in their cost)
Vivre plus longtemps (et le prix à payer) dans 14 pays développés

Nick Parr, Jackie Li, Leonie Tickle
life expectancy - old people walking

Ongoing increases in life expectancies may slow the growth of living standards in developed countries. One reason for this is that reductions in mortality rates, which these days are generally greater in the older ages
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The 21st century – the century of centenarians
XXIe siècle, siècle des centenaires

George W Leeson
old people in front of laptop

The emergence of large numbers of centenarians has accompanied the ageing of our populations. The number of people aged 100 years and over in England and Wales, for example, increased from less than 200 in 1922 to 570 in 1961. By 1981 it had climbed to 2,418 and to 12,318 in 2012. Around the world,
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Demographic data are inadequate for many older Africans
Des données démographiques insuffisantes sur les Africains les plus âgés

Ernestina Coast, Sara Randall

Why do we need better data on older people? To accurately understand population change – its scale, speed, determinants and variants – we need accurate data on the age of a population’s members.
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The shrinking population of Europe, ageing and productivity
La population de l’Europe: plus vieille, moins nombreuse et moins productive?

Massimo livi Bacci

Europe’s population is bound to shrink before 2050: according to the latest revision (2015, medium variant) of the UN (2015) projections, it will decline by 4.5% (31 million) between 2015 and 2050.
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Loneliness among seniors in Europe. Far higher risk in the East
La solitude des seniors en Europe : un risque bien plus élevé à l’Est

Thomas Hansen, Britt Slagsvold
LONLEY OLD MAN

Loneliness is widely perceived as a problem of old age, as part of “normal” aging. Research shows, however, that only 5 to 15% of adults aged 60–80 report frequent feelings of loneliness (Dykstra 2009). Yet this literature is based primarily on data from Western countries with advanced welfare systems.
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Infectious diseases in ageing populations: a neglected cause of mortality?
Les maladies infectieuses dans les populations vieillissantes: une cause de décès sous-estimée ?

Aline Désesquelles, Elena Demuru, Marilena Pappagallo, Luisa Frova, France Meslé, Viviana Egidi
diseases

In countries with high life expectancies, death is predominantly the consequence of cancers and diseases of the circulatory system.
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An Almost Ideal Pension System for Europe (and other countries)
Un système de retraites quasiment idéal pour les pays européens (et d’autres)

Gustavo De Santis

Pay-as-you-go (PAYG) pension systems are frequent in OECD countries, usually in combination with some form of funding (OECD 2014, 2015), and they have been very extensively studied. But their reputation is not particularly good
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How old do you feel? It depends on whether you have grandchildren
Vous vous sentez vieux? Mais avez-vous des petits-enfants?

Valeria Bordone, Bruno Arpino

The idea of a static measure of age is changing (Christensen et al., 2009; Sanderson & Scherbov, 2013). The concept of ageing is not independent of time and place
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Progression de l’espérance de vie: un champ encore grand ouvert mais non sans limite
The evolution of life expectancy: limits not reached, yet

France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
old perople sitting on a bench

Si Jeanne Calment a vécu un peu plus de 122 ans et que rien n’indique clairement que ce record mondial soit une limite infranchissable, il est fort probable qu’une telle longévité ne puisse jamais être atteinte que par une infime fraction de l’humanité
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La limite de la vie humaine
How long can we live?

Jacques Vallin
Jeanne Calment décédée a 122 ans

La doyenne de l’humanité, la française Jeanne Calment est décédée en 1997 à 122 ans et 5 mois. Bien que dûment vérifié et homologué par le groupe international de recherche sur les « super-centenaires » le cas continue d’étonner tant il reste exceptionnel, unique même. Mais, depuis, l’américaine Sarah Knauss a atteint 119 ans tandis que la
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