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  • EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
    • Jacques VallinJacques Vallin
      Emeritus Research Director at INED, Paris; Honorary President of IUSSP
      Massimo livi BacciMassimo livi Bacci
      Emeritus Professor of Demography, University of Florence, Italy
      Alaka BasuAlaka Basu
      Professor, Dept of Development Sociology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA and Senior Fellow, United Nations Foundation, Washington DC, USA
      Bruno MasquelierBruno Masquelier
      Professor of Demography, University of Louvain, Belgium
      Gustavo De SantisGustavo De Santis
      Professor of Demography, University of Florence, Italy
      Ernestina CoastErnestina Coast
      Associate Professor of Population Studies, London School of Economics
      Roberto ImpicciatoreRoberto Impicciatore
      Assistant Professor of Demography, University of Milan, Italy
      Salvatore StrozzaSalvatore Strozza
      Professor of Demography, University Federico II, Naples (Italy)
      Cinzia ContiCinzia Conti
      Researcher at Istat, Head of Unit on Foreign Presence and Social Dynamics
      Alessandro RosinaAlessandro Rosina
      Professor of Demography and Director, Center for Applied Statistics in Business and Economics, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
      Letizia MencariniLetizia Mencarini
      Associate professor of Demography, Bocconi University - Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy & Collegio Carlo Alberto; P.I. ERC P.I. ERC project n. 313617 (2013-2018) SWELLFER http://swellfer.wordpress.com
      Feng WangFeng Wang
      Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Irvine, USA, and Professor at Fudan University, Shanghai, China
      Corrado BonifaziCorrado Bonifazi
      Director of the Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies, National Research Council, Rome Italy
      John KnodelJohn Knodel
      Research Professor Emeritus, Population Studies Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan (USA) and International staff, College of Populations Studies, Chulalongkorn University (Thailand)
      Gilles PisonGilles Pison
      Professor at Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle and Director of Research at the French National Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) (Paris)
      Andrea BrandoliniAndrea Brandolini
      Head of Statistical Analysis Directorate, Bank of Italy
      Peter McDonaldPeter McDonald
      Professor of Demography in the Australian National University. Honorary President of IUSSP and winner of the Irene B. Taeuber Award
      Monica Das GuptaMonica Das Gupta
      Research Professor of Sociology, University of Maryland, USA
      Stefano MolinaStefano Molina
      Senior Program Officer, Giovanni Agnelli Foundation, Italy
      Cheikh MbackéCheikh Mbacké
      Associate Professor, Sociology department, Laval University
      Letizia TanturriLetizia Tanturri
      Associate Professor of Demography, University of Padova, Italy
      Francesco BillariFrancesco Billari
      Professor of Sociology and Demography, University of Oxford
      Paula Miranda-RibeiroPaula Miranda-Ribeiro
      Professor, Demography Department and Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
      our authors
  • N-IUSSP
    • N-IUSSP is a new IUSSP news magazine, which will disseminate scientific findings from demographic research carried out all over the world. The practical implications of current trends, the risks and potentialities of emerging situations, the pros and cons of specific laws are discussed in rigorous but plain language.

      You are invited to contribute to this new publication: please check our guidelines and submit your 1000 word contribution to contact@niussp.org

archive 2018 2017 2016 2015

Female political empowerment decreases mortality in developing countries
La participation politique des femmes réduit la mortalité dans les pays en développement

Ross Macmillan, Naila Shofia, Wendy Sigle
Gender equality

Gender equality in political participation may make a difference. Ross Macmillan, Naila Shofia, and Wendy Sigle show that women’s presence in national legislatures above a threshold of around 30 percent is associated with significant declines in childhood and maternal mortality, even after controlling for other features of women’s status like education and labour force participation.
read more →

Is retirement detrimental to later-life cognition?
La retraite nuit-elle aux fonctions cognitives des seniors ?

Irene Mosca, Robert E. Wright

A growing body of research has suggested that one way to preserve cognition in later-life is to delay retirement and continue to work into the later years. Irene Mosca and Robert E. Wright test this hypothesis using data for older Irish women. They find that women who have been retired for longer have lower cognition.
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Even in Europe: population growth and climate change
Même en Europe: croissance démographique et changement climatique

Hannes Weber
climate change

Proving many experts’ forecasts wrong, large parts of Europe are witnessing population growth rather than stability or decline. Hannes Weber notes that this is having detrimental effects on the environment in Western Europe,
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In Sweden, women move to their partner’s home at union formation
En Suède, ce sont les femmes qui déménagent chez leur conjoint lors de la mise en couple

Maria Brandén, Karen Haandrikman

Women tend to adapt to their male spouse when families move. Maria Brandén and Karen Haandrikman examine whether this is also true for the moves couples make when forming a union.
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Contrasting trends in centenarian lifespans in Denmark and Sweden
Evolution contrastées de la durée de vie des centenaires au Danemark et en Suède

Anthony Medford
centenarian lifespans in Denmark and Sweden

While the mean ages at death for Danish and Swedish centenarians were relatively constant at around 102 years for the cohorts born between 1870 and 1904, Anthony Medford shows that the oldest 6% of centenarians in Denmark have been dying at older ages in the most recent cohorts, a trend that has not been observed
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Counting excess under-5 female mortality in Indian districts
La discrimination contre les filles et la mortalité dans l’enfance en Inde

Christophe Z. Guilmoto, Nandita Saikia

Excess female mortality resulting from gender discrimination in the postnatal period was still common in India at the beginning of the century. Yet, little attention has been paid so far to its distinctive spatial patterns, that point to the presence of a large territory in north central India where high fertility, relative underdevelopment and staunch
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The significance of age to the study of ethnic residential segregation
L’importance de l’âge dans l’étude de la ségrégation résidentielle ethnique

Albert Sabater, Gemma Catney
ethnic residential segregation

In the study of ethnic residential segregation, global measures are typically used. However, while useful as summary indicators, these measures miss important and distinctive age-specific and birth-cohort trends.
read more →

Disability prevalence among Hispanic immigrants in the US
La prévalence de l’incapacité parmi les immigrés hispaniques aux Etats-Unis

Mara Getz Sheftel, Frank W. Heiland
Hispanic immigrants in the US

Disability in old age is known to be greater among Hispanic immigrants than US-born populations. However, little is known about immigrant disability at younger ages.
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Increasing (but insufficient?) optimism about future life expectancy
Les futurs progrès de l’espérance de vie sont-ils encore sous-estimés ?

Nico Keilman

Official demographic forecasts have always been too timid about future increases in life expectancy, and according to Nico Keilman, continue to be so even today.
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Holding Spanish students back a year: just how effective is it?
Le redoublement scolaire en Espagne : est-ce vraiment efficace ?

Álvaro Choi, María Gil, Mauro Mediavilla, Javier Valbuena
Spanish students back a year

Repeating a school year is an ineffective pedagogical practice: it fails to improve the academic performance of those who are held back, and in some cases it may even make things worse.
read more →

Do adults in urban sub-Saharan Africa experience lower mortality?
En Afrique subsaharienne, la mortalité des adultes est-elle plus faible en milieu urbain ?

Ashira Menashe-Oren, Guy Stecklov
urban sub-Saharan Africa experience lower mortality?

Today, urban health conditions are often assumed to be universally superior to those of the rural sector. However, as Ashira Menashe-Oren and Guy Stecklov show, while child mortality is higher in the rural sector,
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Stability of U.S. couples with children in a comparative perspective
La stabilité des couples avec enfants aux Etats Unis et en Europe

Katherine Michelmore, Kelly Musick
U.S. couples with children

Cohabitation, nonmarital childbearing, and partnership dissolution are now common in the U.S. Katherine Michelmore and Kelly Musick examine patterns of union instability among couples who have had a child together,
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Ageing without children in Thailand: bad for mental health?
Vieillir sans enfants en Thaïlande: un risque pour le bien-être psychologique ?

Nekehia T. Quashie, Wiraporn Pothisiri

Declining fertility and increasing migration are contributing to growing shares of older Thais who will age with few children, or none at all, or whose children live far away.
read more →

Marriage markets and assortative mating in first marriages and remarriages in the USA
Les marchés du mariage et l’homogamie sociale dans les premiers mariages et les remariages aux Etats Unis

Zhenchao Qian, Daniel T. Lichter
Marriage market

Using data from the American Community Survey 2008-2014, Zhenchao Qian and Daniel T. Lichter show how assortative mating patterns are subject to local marriage market conditions.
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Adolescent contraceptive use and its effects on fertility
La pratique contraceptive des adolescents et ses effets sur la fécondité

David A. Sánchez-Páez, José A. Ortega
Adolescent contraceptive use

Adolescent reproductive health is part of internationally agreed development goals but unmarried adolescents are often left out of the picture despite higher contraceptive demand and prevalence in this group.
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Fertility decisions in Poland: looking beyond national boundaries
Choix de fécondité en Pologne : prendre en compte la situation par-delà les frontières

Joanna Marczak, Wendy Sigle, Ernestina Coast
Fertility decisions in Poland

Researchers have often assumed that only circumstances within national borders influence fertility decisions. In an integrated Europe, however, people may know about and compare conditions across countries.
read more →

Stability of cohabiting unions in Europe
Stabilité des unions cohabitantes en Europe

Zuzana Zilincikova
cohabiting unions WITH CHILDREN

The increasing popularity of cohabitation has opened a debate on the stability of cohabitations, and especially those in which there is a child. Zuzana Žilinčíková shows that cohabitations have a high probability of dissolution, but that this probability declines considerably when a child is present.
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Birth spacing and long-term health and mortality
Intervalles intergénésiques: quelles conséquences sur la santé aux âges adultes?

Kieron Barclay
Birth spacing, mother with children

A large body of previous work has suggested that both short and long birth intervals are associated with poor birth outcomes such as low birth weight and preterm birth, as well as poor long-term socioeconomic outcomes.
read more →

The myth of the sandwich generation in Brazil
Le mythe de la génération sandwich au Brésil

Maria Carolina Tomás, Everton Emanuel Campos de Lima, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz
sandwich generation in Brazil

Due to rapid and profound demographic changes, population age structure in Brazil has changed sharply in the past few years. Contrary to widespread belief, however, Maria Carolina Tomás, Everton Emanuel Campos de Lima and Bernardo Lanza Queiroz note that this process 
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Present and future of female genital mutilation/cutting in Europe
Mutilations génitales féminines/excision en Europe: état des lieux et perspectives

Livia Elisa Ortensi
Female genital mutilation

Although previously unknown among natives in EU28, the practice of female genital mutilation/cutting is a present concern for European policymakers. As many as 500,000 foreign-born girls and women in Europe have probably undergone the practice
read more →

Women, demography and politics
Femmes, démographie et politique

Udi Sommer
Women demography

Demographic variables, female-related predictors in particular, have an independent effect on political structure. Comparing different countries over time, when fertility rates decline, we observe a growth in democracy.
read more →

Older workers in Latin America: better health but shorter working lives
Les travailleurs âgés en Amérique latine: en meilleure santé mais moins souvent actifs

Laeticia R. De Souza, Bernardo L. Queiroz, Vegard Skirbekk

Trends in labour force participation and health status of older adults in Latin America reveal a puzzling pattern: the greatly improved health (and labour) conditions of recent years have translated into markedly lower labour force participation.
read more →

New data on life expectancy and standard of living in France
Première étude sur l’espérance de vie par niveau de vie en France

Nathalie Blanpain
life expectancy

Surprising as it may seem, even in developed countries, systematic and large differences in survival exist between rich and poor populations. In France, for instance, Nathalie Blanpain tells us that life expectancy at birth for men in the most affluent 5% of the population is 84.4 years
read more →

Facilitating family enlargement in Europe through dual parental employment
Faciliter les deuxièmes naissances en Europe en favorisant l’emploi des deux parents

Angela Greulich, Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière, Olivier Thévenon
family enlargement in Europe

Using European panel data from 2003 to 2011 (EU-SILC), Angela Greulich, Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière and Olivier Thévenon show that dual-earner couples are more likely to have a second child than couples with only one earner.
read more →

Child loss in Finland: does it induce divorce or additional fertility?
Après la perte d’un enfant en Finlande: divorce ou naissance supplémentaire ?

Jan Saarela
Child loss in Finland

Together with Fjalar Finnäs and Mikael Rostila, Jan Saarela shows that in Finland the death of a minor child has only a modest influence on the parental divorce risk, whereas it strongly affects the couple’s probability of having another child.
read more →

Increasing longevity may counterbalance the negative effects of reproductive aging
La longévité croissante pourrait compenser les effets négatifs du vieillissement reproductif

Kieron Barclay
reproductive aging

Previous research has indicated that being born to older parents is detrimental for offspring longevity. However, the secular trend of increasing longevity may moderate or even reverse any potential negative effects of being born
read more →

Advanced maternal age and low birth weight
Maternité tardive et faible poids à la naissance

Alice Goisis
woman in Advanced maternal age

The negative association between advanced maternal age and low birth weight has become progressively weaker over time in the UK (between 1958-2001). This pattern, as Alice Goisis explains, is partly linked to secular changes in the characteristics of older mothers.
read more →

Sexual and reproductive health in Argentina: a right for everyone?
La santé sexuelle et reproductive en Argentine: un droit pour tous?

Eleonora Rojas Cabrera
reproductive health

Mortality from sexually transmitted diseases has been declining too slowly and unevenly in Argentina, compromising the right to sexual and reproductive health with equal opportunities.
read more →

U.S. teen mothers’ smoking risk in adulthood
Le risque tabagique à l’âge adulte des mères adolescentes américaines

Stefanie Mollborn, Juhee Woo, Richard Rogers
smoking risk

After following about one thousand U.S. teen mothers into young adulthood, Stefanie Mollborn, Juhee Woo, and Richard Rogers, found that these women are 2.5 times as likely as other women to smoke as young adults, with the highest risk among Whites.
read more →

Effects of first birth postponement and assisted reproductive technology on completed fertility
Effets du report de la première naissance et des techniques de procréation assistée sur la descendance finale

Henri Leridon
first birth

Two forces with a contrasting impact on fertility have typically been overestimated in both scientific writing and the popular press. A marked postponement of fertility (by four years of age) causes fertility to decline by only about 0.2 children
read more →

Healthy grandparenthood: how long is it, and how has it changed?
La santé des grands-parents : combien d’années en bonne santé, et quelles évolutions ?

Rachel Margolis, Laura Wright
grandparenthood

In North America, grandparents live for longer now than in the past, and spend more years in good health, despite being older. However, Rachel Margolis and Laura Wright also find that less educated, Hispanic, and Black Americans spend less time as healthy grandparents
read more →

How long do older Americans work?
Quelle est l’espérance de vie active des américains ?

Christian Dudel, Mikko Myrskylä
working life of american

Christian Dudel and Mikko Myrskylä study how the length of working life has developed in the U.S. since the early 1990s. While overall life expectancy has increased, there has been no expansion of working life. Recessions and financial crises have a negative impact on working life expectancy, with considerable heterogeneity by gender and race. Life
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Fewer consanguineous marriages of Muslims in Israel
Moins de mariages consanguins parmi les musulmanes en Israël

Jona Schellekens, Guy Kenan, Ahmad Hleihel
Muslims in Israel

Consanguinity has important implications for public health as it increases the risk of passing on autosomal recessive genetic disorders to the next generation. Thus, it is important that we learn more about the factors that may contribute to a decline in consanguineous marriage.
read more →

Internal migration and spatial de-concentration of population in Latin America
Migration interne et déconcentration spatiale en Amérique latine

Jorge Rodriguez Vignoli, Francisco Rowe
Latin America

Little is known about the details of migration across the urban hierarchy in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Building on their recent work, Jorge Rodriguez Vignoli and Francisco Rowe examine how internal migration is reshaping the urbanization process
read more →

The rights of homosexual families in Europe: the LawsAndFamilies database
Les droits des familles homosexuelles en Europe : la base de données LawsAndFamilies

Arianna Caporali, Marie Digoix
homosexual couples and families

Starting in the late 1980s, new laws concerning same-sex unions were passed, first in Denmark (registered partnerships in 1989) and the Netherlands (marriage in 2001), and then in several other European countries
read more →

Age, gender, alcohol, and traffic accidents in Brazil
Âge, sexe, alcool et accidents de la route au Brésil

Luciana Conceição de Lima, Valdeniz da Silva Cruz Júnior
traffic accidents in Brazil

According to the World Health Organization’s Global Report Status Report on Road Safety 2015, more than 1.2 million people die every year on the roads around the world, most of them living in poor countries. And most of these traffic deaths are predictable and could be prevented with relative ease, with proper policies
read more →

Summertime, and the livin’ is easy … and longer
Vivre au soleil toute l’année : le secret d’une vie plus longue ?

Tina Ho, Andrew Noymer
Death rates in usa - old people running in the summer

“Summertime, and the livin’ is easy” — so begins one of the most famous American songs, Summertime from the Gershwin brothers’ Porgy and Bess. Is the living really easier in the summer? For demographers, this might be answered by looking not at living, but at dying. Specifically, are death rates lower in the summer than
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Retirement timing and grandparenthood in Sweden
Grand-parentalité et départ à la retraite en Suède

Linda Kridahl
grandparenthood in Sweden

In most Western European countries, retiring and entering grandparenthood are relatively parallel events for most individuals, with grandparenthood often occurring a few years before retirement (Leopold and Lechner, 2015).
read more →

Thinking about the future: the four billion question
Penser à l’avenir: la question des quatre milliards

Massimo livi Bacci
Population change . view of the world from the space

The “population question”, central to the debate about humankind’s future since the 18th century, has slipped away from center stage and fallen into a coma in recent years. The international community is busy promoting the 17 Sustainable Development Goals
read more →

Global population, development aspirations and fallacies
Population mondiale, aspirations de développement et logiques fallacieuses

George Martine
Global population development aspirations and fallacies

The debate in this forum between Lam (2017) and Grossman (2017) concerning the outlook for the world’s next four billion people is opportune. Both essays highlight critical issues and make key points, but also leave serious gaps.
read more →

Relationship stability is important for abortion decisions in Finland
Stabilité des unions et interruptions de grossesse en Finlande

Heini Väisänen
abortion decisions in Finland

In a recent study (Väisänen 2017), I examined how women make decisions to terminate a pregnancy within the wider context of their lives – including the state and quality of their romantic relationships.
read more →

Older immigrants’ living arrangements in the U.S. and sending countries
Les modes de vie des immigrés âgés, aux États-Unis et dans les pays d’origine

Zoya Gubernskaya, Zequn Tang
Ellis Island - immigrants in the U.S.

Older immigrants are more likely to share residence with their adult children and other family members compared to native-born older adults in the United States. Two major explanations for this pattern emerged: (1) immigrants’ cultural preferences for extended family living, and (2)
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Dementia risk on the rise as old-age life expectancy increases
Le risque de démence augmente à mesure que l’espérance de vie s’allonge

Ezra Fishman
man affected with dementia

As America’s population ages, the number of Americans with dementia is increasing. Because people with dementia often need help with activities of daily living, the cost of caring for a person with dementia for one year is about $28,500 on average (Hurd et al. 2013).
read more →

All U.S. states are becoming more racially diverse… for now
La diversité ethnique augmente dans tous les états des États-Unis

Barrett A. Lee, Michael J.R. Martin, Stephen A. Matthews, Chad R. Farrell
picture of people all racially diverse, with american flag in the background

Universal patterns or trends are rare in demographic research. Yet we have uncovered one: since 1980, all 50 U.S. states have become more ethnically and racially diverse (Lee et al. 2017).
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30 years of experience of the two-child policy in Yicheng, China
30 ans de mise en œuvre de la politique de deux enfants à Yicheng, en Chine

Yu Qin, Fei Wang

More and more countries have been adopting population policies to increase birth rates, in order to deal with the growing challenges of aging (United Nations 2013). Following the recent trend, China, the most populous country in the world,
read more →

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