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  • EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
    • Alaka BasuAlaka Basu
      Alaka M. Basu is Professor, Development Sociology, Cornell University, and a member of the Guttmacher-Lancet Commission on Sexual and Reproductive Rights and Health
      Alessandro RosinaAlessandro Rosina
      Professor of Demography and Director, Center for Applied Statistics in Business and Economics, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
      Andrea BrandoliniAndrea Brandolini
      Head of Statistical Analysis Directorate, Bank of Italy
      Bruno MasquelierBruno Masquelier
      Professor of Demography, University of Louvain, Belgium
      Cheikh MbackéCheikh Mbacké
      Associate Professor, Sociology department, Laval University
      Cinzia ContiCinzia Conti
      Researcher at Istat, Head of Unit on Foreign Presence and Social Dynamics
      Corrado BonifaziCorrado Bonifazi
      Director of the Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies, National Research Council, Rome Italy
      Ernestina CoastErnestina Coast
      Associate Professor of Population Studies, London School of Economics
      Wang FengFeng Wang
      Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Irvine, USA, and Professor at Fudan University, Shanghai, China fwang(at)uci.edu
      Francesco BillariFrancesco Billari
      Professor of Sociology and Demography, University of Oxford
      Gilles PisonGilles Pison
      Professor at Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle and Director of Research at the French National Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) (Paris)
      Gustavo De SantisGustavo De Santis
      Professor of Demography, University of Florence, Italy
      Jacques VallinJacques Vallin
      Emeritus Research Director at INED, Paris; Honorary President of IUSSP
      John KnodelJohn Knodel
      Research Professor Emeritus, Population Studies Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan (USA) and International staff, College of Populations Studies, Chulalongkorn University (Thailand)
      Letizia MencariniLetizia Mencarini
      Associate professor of Demography, Bocconi University - Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy & Collegio Carlo Alberto; P.I. ERC P.I. ERC project n. 313617 (2013-2018) SWELLFER http://swellfer.wordpress.com
      Letizia TanturriLetizia Tanturri
      Associate Professor of Demography, University of Padova, Italy
      Massimo livi BacciMassimo livi Bacci
      Emeritus Professor of Demography, University of Florence, Italy
      Monica Das GuptaMonica Das Gupta
      Research Professor of Sociology, University of Maryland, USA
      OUR AUTHORS
      Paula Miranda-RibeiroPaula Miranda-Ribeiro
      Professor, Demography Department and Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
      Peter McDonaldPeter McDonald
      Professor of Demography in the Australian National University. Honorary President of IUSSP and winner of the Irene B. Taeuber Award
      Roberto ImpicciatoreRoberto Impicciatore
      Assistant Professor of Demography, University of Milan, Italy
      Salvatore StrozzaSalvatore Strozza
      Professor of Demography, University Federico II, Naples (Italy)
      Stefano MolinaStefano Molina
      Senior Program Officer, Giovanni Agnelli Foundation, Italy
      our authors
  • N-IUSSP
    • N-IUSSP is a new IUSSP news magazine, which will disseminate scientific findings from demographic research carried out all over the world. The practical implications of current trends, the risks and potentialities of emerging situations, the pros and cons of specific laws are discussed in rigorous but plain language.

      Everybody is free to reproduce our articles, for free, provided the original source is cited.

      You are invited to contribute to this new publication: please check our guidelines and submit your 1000 word contribution to contact@niussp.org

archive 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015

Free childcare could increase African women’s economic empowerment
Services gratuits de garde d’enfants: un moyen d’accroître l’autonomie économique des femmes africaines

Shelley Clark, Caroline Kabiru, Sonia Laszlo, Stella Muthuri

Offering free daycare services could substantially increase female employment in Africa. Results from a randomized control trial conducted by Shelley Clark, Caroline Kabiru, Sonia Laszlo, and Stella Muthuri in an informal settlement in Nairobi,
read more →

Gender gaps and educational differences in living alone across Europe
Vivre seul en Europe : différences selon le genre et le niveau d’instruction

Glenn Sandström, Lena Karlsson

In recent decades, the proportion of individuals living alone has increased in many European countries. Glenn Sandström and Lena Karlsson compare the living arrangements of the working-age population, showing that in more gender-equal countries,
read more →

The demographic dividend is driven by education, not changes in age structure
Le dividende démographique est impulsé par l’éducation et non par l’évolution de la structure par âge

Wolfgang Lutz, Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Nicholas Gailey

Wolfgang Lutz, Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, and Nicholas Gailey show that the “demographic dividend” does not result from the opening of “a window of opportunity” caused by a declining youth dependency ratio;
read more →

Son preference and within-household bargaining position of Pakistani women
Préférence pour les garçons et pouvoir de négociation des femmes pakistanaises

Rashid Javed, Mazhar Mughal

Rashid Javed and Mazhar Mughal analyze the effects of the pervasive phenomenon of son preference on Pakistani women’s participation in household decision-making.
read more →

In Switzerland, fertility does not rhyme with happiness
En Suisse, fécondité ne rime pas avec bonheur

Malgorzata Mikucka
Swiss policies for parenthood

Parenthood typically improves people’s life satisfaction, even if only in the short run. Surprisingly, instead, Malgorzata Mikucka finds that a second birth has a negative, albeit temporary, effect on Swiss mothers’ life satisfaction.
read more →

Longer birth intervals can reduce infant mortality in poor countries
Des intervalles intergénésiques plus longs : un moyen de réduire la mortalité infantile dans les pays pauvres

Joseph Molitoris
infant mortality

Recent work on wealthy populations has called into question long-standing conclusions about the importance of birth spacing for infant health. Using data from 77 countries,
read more →

Earning their keep? Fostering, education and work in Tanzania
Education et travail des enfants confiés en Tanzanie

Sophie Hedges, Rebecca Sear, Jim Todd, Mark Urassa, David W. Lawson
Tanzania

Fostering is common throughout sub-Saharan Africa, but the motivations for fostering and consequences for fostered children remain unclear. In northern Tanzania, Sophie Hedges, Rebecca Sear, Jim Todd, Mark Urassa, and David W. Lawson find
read more →

Disparities in mortality and marriage create unequal kin safety nets in the USA
Un filet de sécurité parental plus faible dans les milieux populaires aux États-Unis

Sohn Heeju

Heeju Sohn quantifies the diverging kin networks of adults with low and high socioeconomic status (SES) in the United States. In 2013, high SES adults had about 13 years with parents who were alive and living with each other,
read more →

Is the traditional gender-specialised division of labour still associated with higher fertility?
La répartition genrée des tâches est-elle encore associée à une fécondité plus élevée ?

Zhou Muzhi, Man-Yee Kan
In Great Britain, compared to 20 years ago, the traditional gender division of labour is no longer benefiting fertility

In Great Britain, compared to 20 years ago, the traditional gender division of labour is no longer benefiting fertility, note Muzhi Zhou and Man-Yee Kan. Nowadays, couples with more children are less likely to adopt the male-breadwinner, female-homemaker model, 
read more →

Mitigating the labour market consequences of population ageing in the EU
Atténuer les conséquences sur le marché du travail du vieillissement démographique dans l’UE

Guillaume Marois, Patrick Sabourin, Alain Bélanger
Population ageing

Population ageing is inevitable, but its negative consequences on the future labour force of the European Union, up to 2060, could be greatly attenuated if women and immigrants were more present in the labour market 
read more →

The global network of transnational mobility
Le réseau mondial de mobilité transnationale

Ettore Recchi, Emanuel Deutschmann, Michele Vespe

Ettore Recchi, Emanuel Deutschmann and Maxime Chabriel have recently created a dataset to estimate international mobility (border crossing), on the basis of global statistics on tourism and air passenger traffic. More than 15 billion trips were counted in the years between 2011 and 2016, and the tendency is upward.
read more →

Breaking down the decline in fertility and births in China
Une décomposition du recul de la fécondité et de la natalité en Chine

Quanbao Jiang, Yang Shucai

Marriage and childbearing postponement have contributed significantly to China’s fertility decline, and will continue to do so in the future. With the fall in the number of women of childbearing age, the annual number of births has decreased likewise.
read more →

Children, happiness and religiosity: the evidence from Israel
Enfants, bonheur et religiosité en Israël

Jona Schellekens
happiness and religiosity

Religious couples tend to have more children than secular ones, suggesting that children add more to the happiness of the former than they do to the latter. Jona Schellekens investigated this hypothesis in Israel, showing that contrary to expectations, children do not contribute more to the happiness of religious Jews
read more →

Modernizing the census in Europe: traditional and new methods for the 2020 round
Modernisation du recensement en Europe : méthodes classiques et nouvelles pour la série 2020

Paolo Valente
census in Europe

For the 2020 census round, Paolo Valente informs us that two-thirds of European countries plan to increase efficiency by using methods other than the traditional census based on paper questionnaires.
read more →

The impact of migration on the fertility of receiving countries
L’impact de la migration sur la fécondité des pays d’accueil

Christos Bagavos

How much does immigration really contribute to fertility in more developed regions? Christos Bagavos shows that, between 2009 and 2015, in the United States, Australia and 13 European countries, the impact of migration on the birth rates of the receiving countries was multifaceted.
read more →

Caregiving: there’s more than meets the eye
Prestation de soins aux proches : des situations plus complexes qu’il n’y paraît

Sarah E. Patterson, Rachel Margolis

Women are more likely to provide care to multiple family members or friends simultaneously at most ages throughout the life course except at the very oldest ages when gender differences decrease and men are slightly more likely to provide care.
read more →

Stretched to breaking point? Caregiving grandparents and depression
Une charge trop lourde ? Les grands-parents aidants et la dépression

Bruno Arpino, Madelin Gómez-León

Bruno Arpino and Madelin Gómez-León examine the effect on depression of combining grandchild care with other care roles among individuals aged 50 to 84 in Europe.
read more →

Does childrearing affect women’s economic opportunities?
La présence d’enfants réduit-elle les perspectives économiques des femmes ?

John Bongaarts, Ann K. Blanc, Katharine J. McCarthy
childrearing

As fertility declines in low- and middle-income countries, the time women devote to childrearing may also be reduced, opening up possibilities for women to pursue educational and employment opportunities. 
read more →

Internal migration is an effective risk management strategy for households in rural Tanzania
La migration interne comme stratégie de gestion des risques pour les ménages en Tanzanie rurale

Rebecca Pietrelli, Pasquale Scaramozzino
Tanzania

Various explanations have been put forward to shed light on individual decisions to migrate and the effects of migration on the household of origin.
read more →

In Australia fertility is falling only for low educated women
En Australie, la fécondité baisse uniquement chez les femmes peu scolarisées

Peter McDonald, Helen Moyle
fertility in Australia

From 2006 to 2016, fertility in Australia remained constant for women with high education while it fell sharply for women with low education.
read more →

Have conditions under which women undergo abortion improved around the world?
Les conditions de l’avortement dans le monde: évolutions récentes

Agnès Guillaume, Clémentine Rossier

Agnès Guillaume and Clémentine Rossier review the evidence on abortion in the world since 1990. Few countries have liberalized their laws since then, and regressive movements are frequent.
read more →

Local childcare availability and dual earner fertility in Belgium
Offre de structures d’accueil de la petite enfance et fécondité des couples à deux revenus en Belgique

Jonas Wood, Karel Neels
fertility in belgium

In the context of population ageing, work-family reconciliation policies potentially play an important role in supporting both fertility and parental employment. However, the evaluation of such policies remains a challenge.
read more →

Homicides in Latin America: a global health challenge
Homicides en Amérique latine : un vrai défi sanitaire

José Manuel Aburto, Vladimir Canudas-Romo
Homicides in Latin America

Homicide rates in Latin America are higher than elsewhere in the world, although with considerable variation within the region. In some countries, they are so high that they are significantly affecting the average length of life of the entire population, or holding back its progress.
read more →

Another reason why the fertility-contraceptive relationship has weakened*
Un nouvel élément pour expliquer l’affaiblissement de la relation entre fécondité et contraception*

Yoonjoung Choi, Madeleine Short Fabic, Jacob Adetunji
fertility-contraceptive relationship

The fertility-contraceptive relationship has weakened in recent years, meaning  that greater contraceptive prevalence is needed to obtain a comparable reduction in fertility.
read more →

Does broadband Internet affect fertility in Germany?
Quel lien entre Internet haut débit et fécondité en Allemagne ?

Francesco Billari, Osea Giuntella, Luca Stella
Internet access and fertility

Using German data, Francesco Billari, Osea Giuntella and Luca Stella test whether broadband Internet influences fertility choices in a low-fertility setting. They find positive effects of high-speed Internet on the fertility of highly educated women aged 25-45.
read more →

Longer and shifted reproductive lives amongst adolescent mothers
Une vie reproductive décalée et plus longue chez les mères adolescentes

John Tomkinson

Adolescent mothers are atypical not only at the start of their reproductive career, but also in its following stages, which are characterized by a higher intensity but slower tempo, notes John Tomkinson.
read more →

Socioeconomic disparities in Finnish children’s family life
Disparités socioéconomiques dans la vie familiale des enfants finlandais

Marika Jalovaara, Gunnar Andersson
finland

Increasing attention is directed towards the ‘diverging destinies’ of children born in different family contexts. One might expect disparities to be small in Nordic welfare states, yet in Finland, as shown here by Marika Jalovaara and Gunnar Andersson,
read more →

Work stress among older employees in Germany: effects on health and retirement age
Le stress au travail chez les travailleurs âgés en Allemagne : effets sur la santé et l’âge de la retraite

Jana Mäcken

One way to tackle population ageing and its negative consequences on pension systems is to increase the official retirement age. However, most employees retire earlier than “expected”.
read more →

Where, in India, is hospital birth safer for babies than home birth?
Où, en Inde, la naissance à l’hôpital est-elle plus sûre que la naissance à domicile ?

Diane Coffey
India

Sustainable Development Goal 3 aims to reduce global neonatal mortality (NNM) to 12 deaths per 1,000 births by 2030. Reducing NNM in India is critical to this goal because it accounts for 27% of global neonatal deaths.
read more →

Low migrant death rates: actual or artefactual?
Faible mortalité des immigrés: réalité ou artéfact ?

Matthew Wallace
migrant death rates

The mortality of immigrants, even those from poor countries, is lower than that of natives, even in rich receiving countries. In this article, Matthew Wallace examines whether this advantage is real or a data artefact.
read more →

Persistence and reversals in Nordic fertility
Fécondité des pays nordiques : certaines tendances persistent, d’autres se renversent

Marika Jalovaara, Gerda Neyer, Gunnar Andersson

Many studies find that highly educated women have few children and high level of childlessness, but as Marika Jalovaara and colleagues show, the patterns in the Nordic countries have changed remarkably:
read more →

Education disruptions in the 1980s contributed to the stalled fertility decline in Africa around 2000
Les perturbations du système éducatif dans les années 1980 ont contribué à freiner la baisse de la fécondité en Afrique vers 2000

Endale Kebede, Anne Goujon, Wolfgang Lutz, Nicholas Gailey
fertility decline in Africa

Masked by time, educational disruptions of the 1980s help explain why steady fertility declines came to a surprising halt in the 2000s in ten sub-Saharan African countries.
read more →

Gender equality and fertility: is there a connection?
Égalité des sexes et fécondité: existe-t-il un lien?

Martin Kolk
Gender equality and fertility

In the last decades, researchers have suggested that gender equality may have a positive effect on fertility in high-income countries. While this conjecture appears to be true cross-sectionally, it does not seem to work longitudinally (same country over time), as Martin Kolk shows.
read more →

Global family change: persistent diversity with development
Évolutions de la famille liée au développement économique : peu de convergence en vue

Luca Maria Pesando
Global family change

Decades of sweeping demographic, economic, and social change have radically transformed structures, gender roles, and intergenerational bonds of families worldwide, initially in high‐income countries (HICs), and more recently in low‐ and middle‐income countries (LMICs).
read more →

Population aging and fiscal challenges in China
Vieillissement de la population et défis fiscaux en Chine

Feng Wang, Ke Shen, Yong Cai

Rapid economic and demographic changes can pose serious challenges to governments, especially when a modern welfare system must be built, with a radical shift from family-oriented to state-based social protection.
read more →

The ‘Healthy Immigrant Effect’: the role of educational selectivity
« L’effet de l’immigrant en bonne santé » : le rôle de la sélection par le niveau d’instruction

Mathieu Ichou, Matthew Wallace
migrants

Public interest in migration has intensified in recent times, and restrictive policies are gaining increasing political support. These are often based on misconceptions, such as migrants being responsible for spreading diseases and costing too much to the healthcare system.
read more →

The rural-urban fertility gradient in the global South
Evolution de la fécondité rurale et urbaine dans les pays du Sud

Mathias Lerch

Fertility changes in urban versus rural areas of the global South matter for world population dynamics. However, no patterned regularity over time has yet been observed. Mathias Lerch re-assesses long-term trends in the excess of rural over urban fertility in 60 countries.
read more →

Gender gaps in life expectancy and alcohol consumption in Eastern Europe
Écarts d’espérance de vie entre hommes et femmes et consommation d’alcool en Europe orientale

Sergi Trias-Llimós, Fanny Janssen

Female life expectancy is higher than that of males, and this gender gap is largest in Eastern Europe. Sergi Trias-Llimós and Fanny Janssen show that alcohol-attributable mortality explained
read more →

The political responsibility for sexual and reproductive health and rights
La classe politique doit mieux défendre les droits sexuels et reproductifs

Alaka Basu

Political representatives are routinely accused of not following up on promises. They get less criticism for not speaking on citizen rights. In the case of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHRs), words are as consequential as actions.
read more →

Four compelling reasons to fear population growth
Quatre raisons de craindre la croissance démographique

Massimo livi Bacci
population growth

Following on from last week’s article, Massimo Livi Bacci details four specific threats to human survival (or, at least, quality of survival) that are directly linked to population growth.
read more →

Malthus, forever?
Malthus, toujours d’actualité ?

Massimo livi Bacci

Malthus is long dead, but his ideas live on and are still widely debated today. Massimo Livi Bacci argues that he was probably right, after all. Malthus and the limits to growth Concise and clear, Malthus wrote in the first chapter of his Essay: “Through the animal and vegetable kingdoms, nature has scattered the seeds
read more →

The impact of transportation infrastructures on growth and development
L’impact des infrastructures de transport sur la croissance et le développement

Bishal Bhakta Kasu, Guangqing Chi
transportation infrastructures

In developing economies, transportation infrastructures are considered a growth factor. But is this still true when the economy matures? Bishal Kasu and Guangqing Chi answer this question using recent (1970–2010) county-level data in the continental United States.
read more →

The ultimate inequality: vast mortality disparities across U.S. regions
De grandes disparités de mortalité entre les régions américaines

Wesley James, Jeralynn Cossman, Julia Wolf
mortality disparities across U.S.

The ultimate form of health inequality is death. Combining the concepts of region, division, and urban-rural residence in the U.S., Wesley James, Jeralynn Cossman, Julia Wolf highlight variation in mortality to ask and answer the question:
read more →

Fertility preferences and reproductive outcomes in the developing world
Désir d’enfant et fécondité réalisée dans les pays en développement

John Bongaarts, John Casterline
fertility desires

The implementation of fertility desires through contraception is imperfect, resulting in unplanned births and induced abortions. The highest unplanned pregnancy rates (over two pregnancies during a woman’s lifetime) are observed in countries approaching the end of the fertility
read more →

Population mobility in the twenty-first century: trends, conflicts, and policies
Mobilité de la population au XXIe siècle: tendances, conflits et politiques

Gisela P. Zapata, Gilvan R. Guedes
Population mobility

Population movements have changed radically in recent times, both in quantity and quality: “traditional” (economic) international migration is now accompanied by new types of mobility (refugees and displaced persons) caused by wars, persecution and environmental disasters.
read more →

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